Project Publications

Solomos, S.; Spyrou, C.; Barreto, A.; Rodríguez, S.; González, Y.; Neophytou, M.K.A.; Mouzourides, P.; Bartsotas, N.S.; Kalogeri, C.; Nickovic, S.; et al. The Development of METAL-WRF Regional Model for the Description of Dust Mineralogy in the Atmosphere. Atmosphere 2023, 14,1615.

Solomos, S.; Spyrou, C.; Bartsotas, N.S.; Sykioti, O.; Amiridis, V.; Gkikas, A.; Marinou, E.; Katsafados, P.; Tsarpalis, K.; Pejanovic, G.; et al. The Development of a Dust Mineralogy Map from Satellite Retrievals and Implementation in WRF-Chem. Environ. Sci. Proc. 2023, 26, 54.

Bartsotas, N. S., Sykioti, O., Spyrou, C., Douvis, K. C., Amiridis, V., Zerefos, C., and Solomos, S.: The development of a detailed mineralogical database from satellite remote sensing products, towards an improved representation of dust transport in NWP simulations., EGU General Assembly 2023, Vienna, Austria, 24–28 Apr 2023, EGU23-11119,, 2023.

Spyrou, C.; Solomos, S.; Bartsotas, N.S.; Douvis, K.C.; Nickovic, S. Development of a Dust Source Map for WRF-Chem Model Based on MODIS NDVI. Atmosphere 2022,13,868.

Stavros Solomos, Christos Spyrou, Nikos Bartsotas and Petros Katsafados, Development of assimilation schemes for the representation of dust in LAPS and WRF modeling systems based on MODIS and MSG satellite retrievals, EMS Annual Meeting Abstracts, Vol. 19, EMS2022-48, 2022, EMS Annual Meeting 2022

Stavros Solomos, Christos Spyrou, Nikos Bartsotas, and Slobodan Nickovic Development of a dynamic dust-source map for regional dust models based on MODIS NDVI EGU22-1252, EGU General Assembly 2022

Stavros Solomos, Physical processes of desert dust in the atmosphere, Balkan Physics Union, BPU11, ID: 279 Contribution code: S10-MG-001, Belgrade, 2022, invited talk.

Stavros Solomos, Christos Spyrou, Nikolaos Bartsotas, Petros Katsafados and Slobodan Nickovic, Assimilation of satellite retrievals for dust modeling applications, IRS 2022 (INTERNATIONAL RADIATION SYMPOSIUM 2022), Thessaloniki, Greece, 4-8 July 2022.

Selected Publications of MegDeth Group Members

Nickovic, S., Cvetkovic, B., Petković, S. Amiridis, V., Pejanović, G., Solomos, S., Marinou, E., Nikolic, J., Cloud icing by mineral dust and impacts to aviation safety. Sci Rep 11, 6411 (2021)

Solomos, S., Abuelgasim, A., Spyrou, C., Binietoglou, I., and Nickovic, S.: Development of a dynamic dust source map for NMME-DREAM v1.0 model based on MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over the Arabian Peninsula, Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 979–988,, 2019

Solomos, S
., Kalivitis, N., Mihalopoulos, N., Amiridis, V., Kouvarakis, G., Gkikas, A., Binietoglou, I., Tsekeri, A., Kazadzis, S., Kottas, M., Pradhan, Y., Proestakis, E., Nastos, P.T., Marenco, F. From Tropospheric Folding to Khamsin and Foehn Winds: How Atmospheric Dynamics Advanced a Record-Breaking Dust Episode in Crete. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 240., 2018

Solomos, S
., Ansmann, A., Mamouri, R.-E., Binietoglou, I., Patlakas, P., Marinou, E., and Amiridis, V.: Remote sensing and modelling analysis of the extreme dust storm hitting the Middle East and eastern Mediterranean in September 2015, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4063-4079, doi:10.5194/acp-17-4063-2017, 2017

Amiridis V
., E. Marinou, A. Tsekeri, U. Wandinger, A. Schwarz, E. Giannakaki, R. Mamouri, P. Kokkalis, I. Binietoglou, S. Solomos, T. Herekakis, S. Kazadzis, E. Gerasopoulos, D. Balis, A. Papayannis, C. Kontoes, K. Kourtidis, N. Papagiannopoulos, L. Mona, G. Pappalardo, O. Le Rille, and A. Ansmann LIVAS: a 3-D multi-wavelength aerosol/cloud climatology based on CALIPSO and EARLINET, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 7127-7153, acp-15-7127-2015, 2015

Solomos, S.,
Kallos, G., Mavromatidis, E., Kushta, J.: “Density Currents as a Desert Dust Mobilization Mechanism”, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11199–11211, doi:10.5194/acp-12-11199-2012, 2012

Solomos, S.,
Kallos, G., Kushta, J., Astitha, M., Tremback, C., Nenes, A., Levin, Z.: An integrated modeling study on the effects of mineral dust and sea salt particles on clouds and precipitation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 873–892, doi:10.5194/acp-11-873-2011, 2011

Giannakaki, E., Kokkalis, P., Marinou, E.,
Bartsotas, N. S., Amiridis, V., Ansmann, A., and Komppula, M.: The potential of elastic and polarization lidars to retrieve extinction profiles, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 13, 893–905,, 2020.

Tsekeri, A., Lopatin, A.,
Amiridis, V., Marinou, E., Igloffstein, J., Siomos, N., Solomos, S., Kokkalis, P., Engelmann, R., Baars, H., Gratsea, M., Raptis, P. I., Binietoglou, I., Mihalopoulos, N., Kalivitis, N., Kouvarakis, G., Bartsotas, N., Kallos, G., Basart, S., Schuettemeyer, D., Wandinger, U., Ansmann, A., Chaikovsky, A. P., and Dubovik, O.: “GARRLiC and LIRIC: strengths and limitations for the characterization of dust and marine particles along with their mixtures”, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., https://, 2017.

George Kallos,
Stavros Solomos, Joni Kushta, Christina Mitsakou, Christos Spyrou, Nikolaos Bartsotas and Christina Kalogeri: “Natural and anthropogenic aerosols in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East: Possible impacts”, Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 488-489, August 2014, p. 389-397.

Tsarpalis, K., A. Papadopoulos, N. Mihalopoulos,
C. Spyrou, S. Michaelides and P. Katsafados, 2018: The Implementation of a Mineral Dust Wet Deposition Scheme in the GOCART-AFWA Module of the WRF Model, Remote Sensing, 2018, 10, 1595; doi:10.3390/rs10101595.

Christos Spyrou
, 2018: Direct radiative impacts of desert dust on atmospheric water content, Aerosol Science and Technology, 52:6, 693-701 DOI:10.1080/02786826.2018.1449940.

Ansmann Albert, Franziska Rittmeister, Ronny Engelmann, Sara Basart, Oriol Jorba,
Christos Spyrou, Samuel Remy, Annett Skupin, Holger Baars, Patric Seifert, Fabian Senf, and Thomas Kanitz, 2017: Profiling of Saharan dust from the Caribbean to western Africa – Part 2: Shipborne lidar measurements versus forecasts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 14987–15006, 2017, doi: 10.5194/acp-17-14987-2017.

T. M. Saeed, H. Al-Dashti and
C. Spyrou 2014: Aerosol’s optical and physical characteristics and direct radiative forcing during a shamal dust storm, a case study. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3751–3769, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3751- 2014, 2014.

C. Spyrou
, G. Kallos, C. Mitsakou, P. Athanasiadis, C. Kalogeri and M. J. Iacono, 2013: Modeling the radiative effects of desert dust on weather and regional climate. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 5489–5504, doi:10.5194/acp-13-5489-2013, 2013.

C. Spyrou
, C. Mitsakou, G. Kallos, P. Louka, and G. Vlastou, 2010: An improved limited area model for describing the dust cycle in the atmosphere. Journal Of Geophysical Research, 115, D17211, doi:10.1029/2009JD013682, 2010.

M. Astitha, G. Kallos,
C. Spyrou, W. O’Hirok, J. Lelieveld and H. A. C. Denier van der Gon, 2010: Modelling the chemically aged and mixed aerosols over the eastern central Atlantic Ocean – potential impacts. Atm. Chem. Phys., 10, 5797–5822, 2010, doi: 10.5194/acp-10-5797-2010.

Mitsakou C., G. Kallos, N. Papantoniou,
C. Spyrou, S. Solomos, M. Astitha and C. Housiadas, 2008: Saharan dust levels in Greece and received inhalation doses. Atm. Chem. Phys., 8 , 7181–7192, 2008, doi:10.5194/acp-8-7181-2008.

G. Kallos, M. Astitha, P. Katsafados and
C. Spyrou, 2007: “Long-Range Transport of Anthropogenically and Naturally Produced PM in the Mediterranean and North Atlantic: Present Status of Knowledge”. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46 , 1230-1251, doi: 10.1175/JAM2530.1.

P. Kishcha, P. Alpert, A. Shtivelman,S. O. Krichak, J. H. Joseph, G. Kallos, P. Katsafados,
C. Spyrou, G. P. Gobbi, F. Barnaba, S. Nickovic, C. Perez, and J. M. Baldasano, 2007: “Forecast errors in dust vertical distributions over Rome (Italy): Multiple particle size representation and cloud contributions”. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(D15205), doi: 10.1029/2006JD007427

Anifadi A.,
Sykioti O., Koutroumbas K.D. and E. Vassilakis, A Novel Spectral Index for Identifying Ferronickel (Fe–Ni) Laterites from Sentinel 2 Satellite Data, Natural Resources Research, 2022, in print.

Tompolidi A-M.,
Sykioti O., and K.D. Koutroumbas, Spectral Unmixing for Mapping a Hydrothermal Field in a Volcanic Environment Applied on ASTER, Landsat-8/OLI, and Sentinel-2 MSI Satellite Multispectral Data: The Nisyros (Greece) Case Study, Remote Sensing, 2020 (doi:10.3390/rs12244180).

Daskalopoulou V.,
Sykioti O., Karagiannopoulou C., Koutroumbas K., A. Rontogiannis, Application of Spectral Unmixing on Hyperspectral Data of the Historic Volcanic Products of Mt. Etna (Italy), Proceedings, 2(7), 329, 2018 (doi:10.3390/ecrs-2-05142).

Mylona E.,
Sykioti O., Koutroumbas K.D., and Α.A. Rontogiannis, Spectral unmixingbased clustering of high-spatial resolution hyperspectral imagery, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 2017 (doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2687703).

Mylona E.A.,
Sykioti, O.A., Koutroumbas, D.K., Rontogiannis A.A., Joint Spectral Unmixing and Clustering for identifying homogenous regions in hyperspectral images, IEEE IGARSS, Milan (Italy), 2015 (doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7326295).

Themelis K.E., Schmidt F.,
Sykioti O., Rontogiannis A.A., Koutroumbas K.D., and I.A. Daglis, On the Unmixing of Mex/OMEGA hyperspectral data, Planetary and Space Science, 2012 (doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2011.11.015).

Balis D.,
V. Amiridis, S. Nickovic, A. Papayannis, and C. Zerefos, Optical properties of Saharan dust layers as detected by a Raman lidar at Thessaloniki, Greece, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L13104, doi:10.1029/2004GL019881, 2004. 

Papayannis A., D. Balis,
V. Amiridis, G. Chourdakis, G. Tsaknakis, C. Zerefos, A. Castanho, S. Nickovic, S. Kazadzis, and J. Grabowski, Measurements of Saharan dust aerosols over the Eastern Mediterranean using elastic backscatter-Raman lidar, spectrophotometric and satellite observations in the frame of the EARLINET project, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 5, 2065-2079, doi:10.5194/acp-5-2065-2005, 2005

Balis, D.,
V. Amiridis, S. Kazadzis, A. Papayannis, G. Tsaknakis, S. Tzortzakis, M. Kalivitis, M. Vrekoussis, M. Kanakidou, N. Mihalopoulos, G. Chourdakis, S. Nickovic, C. Perez, J. Baldasano, and M. Drakakis, Optical characteristics of desert dust over the East Mediterranean during summer: a case study, Annales Geophysicae, 24, 807-821, doi:10.5194/angeo-24-807-2006, 2006. 

Amiridis, V., D. Balis, E. Giannakaki, S. Kazadzis, A. Arola, E. Gerasopoulos, Characterization of the aerosol type using simultaneous measurements of the lidar ratio and estimations of the single scattering albedo, Atmospheric Research, 101, 46-53, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.01.010, 2011. 

Alexandra Tsekeri ,
Vassilis Amiridis , Alexandros Louridas, George Georgoussis, Volker Freudenthaler, Spiros Metallinos, George Doxastakis, Josef Gasteiger, Nikolaos Siomos, Peristera Paschou, Thanasis Georgiou, George Tsaknakis, Christos Evangelatos, and Ioannis Binietoglou, Polarization lidar for detecting dust orientation: system design and calibration, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 7453–7474, 2021

Escribano, J., Di Tomaso, E., Jorba, O., Klose, M., Gonçalves Ageitos, M., Macchia, F.,
Amiridis, V., Baars, H., Marinou, E., Proestakis, E., Urbanneck, C., Althausen, D., Bühl, J., Mamouri, R.-E., and Pérez García-Pando, C.: Assimilating spaceborne lidar dust extinction can improve dust forecasts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 535–560,, 2022.